We’re going to be taking a week off to finish up some midterm work, but wanted to leave our readers with something to ponder. Feel free to add comments to this post and/or continue the conversation on Facebook and Twitter.
Open Access is an idea that should be familiar to most folks in library school. Simply, it is the same principle that is affirmed in the ALA Code of Ethics – that it is an essential right that all people should be able to access the information they need and desire, and that it is our professional duty to insure and facilitate that access. This idea gets worked out in a variety of ways, across information institutions, and is growing more and more widely understood as technology allows for new ways to share and get information.
Most often when one hears about Open Access [PDF] it is in response to Academic Libraries and the adaptations in the Scholarly Communications cycle; the ways that professors disseminate their research through journals is being disrupted by rising prices. Introducing Open Access to this model, through archiving in open repositories or publishing in new, open access journals, is a rapidly increasing way of allowing important research to filter outside of the academy and affect society. If you are considering academic librarianship, this is an area you will want to be familiar with for sure. Spend some time reading up on SPARC, Scholarly Communications, Berlin9 and Open Access Policies and Repositories.
It is important to note that the ‘open’ movement reaches much wider than academic librarianship. Archives, museums and special collections are benefiting from sharing their digital assets (digitized copies/photos of their objects) and allowing the public to interact with these things through the internet. The Victoria and Albert Museum is crowdsourcing the collection of digital images of their collection, the Natural History Museum in Los Angeles has adopted an Open Access Policy, and a variety of collections of documents are being digitized and explored in ways that were previously not possible. Information professionals of all stripes are recognizing the value of collecting and preserving cultural heritage, and also sharing it widely for the world to discover.
A fascinating way that open access is proving really productive is in the area of Open Data, especially in the governmental sphere. As a tool to engage the citizenry, countries (including the U.S.) are taking the massive amounts of data they collect and making it publicly available. Once the data is open, finding ways to make sense of it and give it value to the community is vitally important, and federal, data-minded, technically-gifted librarians will be foundational to culling the world’s data and turning it into information. Further, open data offers a new way to enact real change in the world, as evidenced by NYC’s recent data contest and Kenya being the first county in Africa to open their data.
Regardless of your interests and path inside librarianship, it is probable that you will interact with open access in your professional life. As this area develops into the fabric of our linked world, the skills and knowledge that we can offer to help people access and make sense of the exploding wealth of information (and data!) out there has never been more necessary.
How have you interacted with open access already? Is this an idea that you are familiar with? What are some complications you see arising from open access?